Traces of population aging in Southern Brazil: demographic and epidemiological dynamics of the New Millennium

Authors

  • Roberth Steven Gutiérrez Murillo European University of the Atlantic
  • Wendy Ledix University of São Paulo/USP, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Preventive Medicine
  • James Berson Lalane University of São Paulo/USP, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Preventive Medicine
  • Larissa Djanilda Parra da Luz Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health /FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Department of Public Health and Environment
  • Daiane Regina Pinto Federal University for Latin American Integration/UNILA, Paraná, Brazil. Interdisciplinary Life Sciences Center
  • Teresa Chang Chien Federal University for Latin American Integration/UNILA, Paraná, Brazil. Graduate Medical School. Latin American Institute of Life and Nature Sciences
  • José Alexsandro de Araújo Nascimento International Iberoamerican University/UNINI, Campeche, Mexico. Department of Gerontology

Keywords:

Aging Epidemiology, Demographics, Health of the Elderly, Population Health Management

Abstract

Objective: This paper explores the demographic and epidemiological implications of population aging in Southern Brazil from 2000 onwards.

Methods: An ecological series study of retrospective temporality, with a quantitative and descriptive approach. We took as units of analysis the three states that make up the Southern Brazilian region, namely: Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Paraná (PR), and Santa Catarina (SC), as well as their corresponding capitals (Porto Alegre, Curitiba, and Florianópolis, respectively). Sociodemographic and territorial data were extracted from official institutes (at the state level) and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (at the national level). Data was retrieved from the System of Health Indicators and Monitoring of Public Policies for the Elderly, in order to trace the epidemiological profile. We then clustered the data according to state of origin and performed simple descriptive statistical analyses, using measures of dispersion and percentage differentiation.

Findings: The majority of elderly in Southern Brazil are women, self-declared white, and with low levels of schooling. The region went from an aging rate of 32.13% in 2000 to 52.82% in 2010, with Paraná being the most populous state. Positive values were observed in the socioeconomic and social fragility dimensions, as well as in the contextual and environmental aspects. Despite the decrease in cognitive impairments and difficulties in ADLs, visual, hearing, and physical impairments are increasing in worrying proportions. In both geriatric morbidity and mortality, the highest values were concentrated in diseases of the circulatory and respiratory systems and neoplasms. Thus, the region follows the national and international patterns of morbimortality in the elderly.  

Conclusions: It is believed that structural and organizational improvements in local public health systems and programs have had a positive effect on the survival of the elderly in Southern Brazil. Coupled with this, the constant improvement and qualification of health professionals reinforce the practices and health care for the aging population, reflecting on the better health rates seen in this population segment.  

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Author Biographies

Roberth Steven Gutiérrez Murillo, European University of the Atlantic

Sanitarian Bachelor's degree in Public Health from the Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA). Master by the Graduate Program in Gerontology at the Universidad Europea del Atlántico (UNEATLANTICO/Spain). Specialist by the Multiprofessional Residency Program in Family Health (UNILA). International Accreditation Basic Level in Health Care of the Elderly by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO, 2018).

Wendy Ledix, University of São Paulo/USP, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Preventive Medicine

Salubrist graduated from the Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA) (2019). Master and PhD candidate in Public Health, University of São Paulo (USP) (2021), with completed teaching internship. He has experience in Health Surveillance and Epidemiology; Mental Health and Studies on migration, work and health. Works in the subareas: health promotion, disease prevention and occupational hazards.

James Berson Lalane, University of São Paulo/USP, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Preventive Medicine

Salubrist, Master and PhD candidate in Collective Health, researcher at the Observatory of Migration and Health. PhD student at the Graduate Program in Collective Health of the Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo - FMUSP. Has experience in the area of Collective Health, with emphasis on the health of the migrant and refugee population.

Larissa Djanilda Parra da Luz, Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health /FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Department of Public Health and Environment

PhD student in Public Health and Environment at the National School of Public Health of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (ENSP/FIOCRUZ), master's degree in Public Health in the Border Region from the State University of Western Paraná (UNIOESTE). She has a Multiprofessional Residency in Family Health and Bachelor in Collective Health from the Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA).

Daiane Regina Pinto, Federal University for Latin American Integration/UNILA, Paraná, Brazil. Interdisciplinary Life Sciences Center

Specialist in Family Health, by the Multiprofessional Residency Program in Family Health of the Federal University of Latin American Integration- UNILA of Foz do Iguaçu-PR. Graduated in Psychology by the Paranaense University - UNIPAR.

Teresa Chang Chien, Federal University for Latin American Integration/UNILA, Paraná, Brazil. Graduate Medical School. Latin American Institute of Life and Nature Sciences

Bachelor of Medicine by the Federal University for Latin American Integration/UNILA, Paraná, Brazil. 

José Alexsandro de Araújo Nascimento, International Iberoamerican University/UNINI, Campeche, Mexico. Department of Gerontology

He has a degree in Collective Health from the Federal University of Latin American Integration, a degree in Physiotherapy from the Instituto de Ensino Superior de Alagoas, a degree in Medicine from the Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, a specialization in Public Health with emphasis on PSF from the Centro de Ensino Superior Arcanjo Mikael de Arapiraca, a specialization in Multiprofessional Residency in Family Health from the Federal University of Latin American Integration, and a technical-professional course in Nursing Technician from the Professionalizing Education Center of Alagoas.

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Published

2022-03-06

How to Cite

Gutiérrez Murillo, R. S., Ledix, W. ., Berson Lalane, J., Parra da Luz, L. D., Pinto, D. R., Chang Chien, T., & de Araújo Nascimento, J. A. . (2022). Traces of population aging in Southern Brazil: demographic and epidemiological dynamics of the New Millennium . Atena Journal of Public Health, 4, 2. Retrieved from https://atenajournals.com/ajph/article/view/49

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