Effect of balance exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women


  • Samah M Samy
  • Mohamed A Awad
  • Amir A Gabr
  • Asmaa M Elbandrawy


Balance, Exercise, Bone mineral density, Post-menopause, Osteoporosis


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a balance exercise program on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women.

Methods: A total of 40 postmenopausal women with low BMD were selected randomly from the Physical Therapy Department of Qasr El Eyni Hospital in Cairo (Egypt). Participants were divided randomly into 2 equal groups (A & B) of 20 participants. The control group (Group A) received medical treatment (Fosamax, one tablet per week during 16 weeks). The experimental group (Group B) received the same medical treatment as group A and the balance exercise program (sessions of 60 minutes, 5 days per week, during 16 weeks). BMD was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) on the femoral neck before and after the interventions for all participants in both groups (A & B).

Findings: After the 16 weeks, there was a statistical significant increase in the mean value of BMD in both groups. However, the increase was significantly higher (p=0.001) in Group B. The percentage of increase in BMD was 24.40% in Group A and 80.61% in Group B.

Conclusions: Balance exercise might be an effective method for improving BMD in postmenopausal osteoporotic women.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Samy, S. M., Awad, M. A., Gabr, A. A., & Elbandrawy, A. M. (2022). Effect of balance exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Atena Journal of Public Health, 4, 1. Retrieved from https://atenajournals.com/index.php/ajph/article/view/46