Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Lebanese Married Women towards Food Safety.

Authors

  • Rita Fadi El Haddad
  • Nadine Yahfoufi
  • Mohamad Abou Haidar
  • Maha Hoteit

Keywords:

Food Safety; Knowledge; Attitude, Practices; Married Women; Lebanon

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the knowledge, attitude, and practices of Lebanese married women toward food safety and to assess the correlation of these factors with socio-demographic characteristics.

Methods: The evaluation forms of the “Five Keys to Safer Food Manual” of the WHO (World Health Organization) were administered to 516 Lebanese married women living in Beirut and Mount Lebanon between December 2017 and May 2018. The questionnaire is divided into three sections: food safety knowledge (11 questions), attitude (10 questions), and practices (10 questions). A score was calculated for each section with one point for every correct answer.

Findings: The mean of knowledge score was 8.23 ± 1.59 over 11, the attitude score was 7.43 ± 1.82 over 10, and the behavior score was 6.69 ± 2.32 over 10. The relationship between the knowledge score and other scores was weak (with behavior score r = 0.222 and attitude score r = 0.260; p-value <0.005). Knowledge and attitude scores were higher than practices score. Food safety knowledge, attitude and practices did not differ with age nor the number of kids. Years of marriage and employment only influenced practices. Frequency of cooking influenced knowledge and behavior. The main food safety problems were found in separating raw from cooked food, cooking food to the right temperature and keeping food at safe temperature whether hot-holding or thawing.

Conclusions: Knowledge of food safety measures might not reflect good food safety practices. Therefore, there is a need to highlight the importance of safe practices and prevention of foodborne illnesses.

References

World Health Organization [Internet]. Food safety [cited 2018 May 24]. Available from: http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/food-safety

Redmond EC, Griffith CJ. Consumer food handling in the home: a review of food safety studies. J Food Prot. 2003;66(1):130–161. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028x-66.1.130

World Health Organization [Internet]. Five Keys to Safer Food Manual [cited 2019 Dec 30]. Available from: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/consumer/manual_keys.pdf

Rebecca Meysenburg [Internet]. Food safety knowledge, practices and beliefs of primary food preparers in families with young children. A mixed methods study - ScienceDirect [cited 2019 Oct 26]. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019566631300425X

Sanlier N. The knowledge and practice of food safety by young and adult consumers. Food Control. 2009;20(6):538–542. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2008.08.006

Langiano E, Ferrara M, Lanni L, Viscardi V, Abbatecola AM, De Vito E. Food safety at home: knowledge and practices of consumers. Z Gesundheitswissenschaften J Public Health. 2012;20(1):47–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-011-0437-z

Hassan H, Dimassi H. Food safety and handling knowledge and practices of Lebanese university students. Food Control. 2014;40:127–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2013.11.040

Al-Sakkaf A. Domestic food preparation practices: a review of the reasons for poor home hygiene practices. Health Promot Int. 2015;30(3):427–437. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dat051

Alsayeqh AF. Foodborne disease risk factors among women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Food Control. 2015;50:85–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.08.036

Green EJ, Knechtges PL. Food safety knowledge and practices of young adults. J Environ Health. 2015;77(10):18–24.

Trepka MJ, Newman FL, Dixon Z, Huffman FG. Food safety practices among pregnant women and mothers in the women, infants, and children program, Miami, Florida. J Food Prot. 2007;70(5):1230–1237. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028x-70.5.1230

Byrd-Bredbenner C, Berning J, Martin-Biggers J, Quick V. Food safety in home kitchens: a synthesis of the literature. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10(9):4060–4085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10094060

Garayoa R, Córdoba M, García-Jalón I, Sanchez-Villegas A, Vitas A. Relationship between Consumer Food Safety Knowledge and Reported Behavior among Students from Health Sciences in One Region of Spain. J Food Prot. 2006;68:2631–2636. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028x-68.12.2631

Osaili T, Obeidat B, Jamous D, Bawadi H. Food safety knowledge and practices among college female students in north of Jordan. Food Control. 2011;22:269–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2010.07.009

Brennan M, McCarthy M, Ritson C. Why do consumers deviate from best microbiological food safety advice? An examination of “high-risk” consumers on the island of Ireland. Appetite. 2007;49(2):405–418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2006.12.006

Kwon J, Wilson ANS, Bednar C, Kennon L. Food safety knowledge and behaviors of women, infant, and children (WIC) program participants in the United States. J Food Prot. 2008;71(8):1651–1658. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028x-71.8.1651

Published

2020-01-01

How to Cite

El Haddad, R. F., Yahfoufi, N. ., Abou Haidar, M. ., & Hoteit, M. (2020). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Lebanese Married Women towards Food Safety. Atena Journal of Public Health, 2. Retrieved from https://atenajournals.com/index.php/ajph/article/view/7

Issue

Section

Articles